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Hawthorn - Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn - Crataegus monogyna

From £2.10£2.52 Inc VAT
Pre-order bare root plants from 1st June.
 Acidic, Sandy, Peaty Acidic, Sandy, Peaty
 Alkaline, Chalky, Calcareous Alkaline, Chalky, Calcareous
 Light Sand Light Sand
 Neutral Neutral
Flower Interest Flower Interest
Growth Rate: Quick Growth Rate: Quick
Native Native
Use: Field and Farm Hedging Use: Field and Farm Hedging

Characteristics
Plant Protection
Planting & Care
Long Description 5
Images (4)
Questions (6)
Reviews
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This is the Common Hawthorn so familiar in the countryside all over Britain. Probably best known as a country hedge, it also makes an excellent small garden tree with good wildlife value. Another common name is Quickthorn because it quickly makes a very effective, dense and thorny stock-proof hedge, and has been grown for hundreds of years for this purpose.

Site and soil

Hawthorn will grow in any soil except an outright bog. It is very tough and hardy and cope well with strong winds on exposed hillsides and coastal sites.

Height and spread

After 10 years: 4m x 3m
After 20 years: 8m x 5m

Leaf and bark

The leaves are ovate, and glossy dark green, and deeply lobed, rather like an oak, and about 5cm long. The bark is a greyish dark brown, cracked into thin rectangular plates.

Flower, seed and fruit

The five-petalled creamy white flowers are borne in flat clusters of 6-12. They are strongly scented. These are followed by greenish berries, or haws, which ripen to red by September and are held on the tree well into winter to provide a good food source for birds. Each haw contains a single seed.

Uses

Hawthorn is most often used as an agricultural stock-proof hedge, but also makes a good garden hedge in country areas. It is an attractive small garden tree, pretty in blossom and fruit, and is an essential part of woodland planting.

The wood, which is very hard, has been used to make small articles, and boxes and combs were made from the roots. A liqueur can be made from the mealy berries, which are known as ‘Bread and Cheese’ and sometimes eaten by country children. Hawthorn provides a rootstock for pears and medlars. Medicinally, it is an important plant used to improve the action of the heart.

Hawthorn is surrounded by legend and superstition, and the flowers were the centre of May Day celebrations.

Wildlife

Insects pollinate the flowers, attracted to them by the scent. Both trees and hedges are good nesting sites for birds, and the berries provide winter food for Blackbirds, Thrushes, Fieldfares and Waxwings. Insects shelter in the crevices of the bark, making a further food source for birds.

The main reasons for buying protection is to protect the plants against:

  • Pests
  • Spraying
  • Strimming

Pests

When it comes to deciding what protection to choose the golen rule of thumb is to choose the product dependent on which pest you are protecting against. The below will help you in deciding what height of protection you will need.

Vole Rabbit Hare Roe Deer/Muntjac Fallow Deer
Vole, Mice
20cm
Rabbit
60cm
Hare
75cm
Roe Deer/Muntjac
1.20m
Fallow Deer
1.50m

 Download our full protection range as a printable PDF document.

Protection Options

Pest & Minimum Protection Height Protection Type
Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required
Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.
Vole
Vole, Mice
20cm
Vole Guard
20cm
None required
Pest & Minimum Protection Height Protection Type
Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required
Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.
Sorted by price; lowest to highest
Rabbit
Rabbit
60cm
Spiral Guard
60cm x 38mm, 60cm x 50mm
Bamboo Cane
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs or 14-16lbs
Tubex Easywrap
60cm x 50-65mm
Bamboo Cane
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs or 14-16lbs
Mesh Guard with Spray Shield
60cm x 130mm
2 x Bamboo Canes
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs or 14-16lbs
Tubex Fruitwrap
60cm x 65-80mm
Bamboo Cane
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs or 14-16lbs
Tubex Ecostart
60cm x 57-73cm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Tubex Tree Shelter
60cm x 73-105mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Tubex Shelterguard Mesh Tube
60cm x 80-110mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Tubex Treeguard Mesh Tube
60cm x 80-110mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Tubex Shrub Shelter
60cm x 130-160mm, 60cm x 144-200mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Tubex Shrub Shelterguard Mesh Tube
60cm x 130-160mm, 60cm x 170-200mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Tubex Treeguard Mesh Tube for Shrubs
60cm x 130-160mm, 60cm x 170-200mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
75cm x 25mm, 75cm x 32mm
Pest & Minimum Protection Height Protection Type
Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required
Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.
Sorted by price; lowest to highest
Hare
Hare
75cm
Tubex Easywrap
75cm x 50-65mm
Bamboo Cane
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs, 14-16lbs or 1.20m x 20-22lbs
Spiral Guard
75cm x 50mm
Bamboo Cane
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs, 14-16lbs or 1.20m x 20-22lbs
Tubex Fruitwrap
75cm x 65-80mm
Bamboo Cane
90cm x 9-11lbs, 12-14lbs, 14-16lbs or 1.20m x 20-22lbs
Tubex Ecostart
75cm x 57-73mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
90cm x 25mm, 90cm x 32mm
Tubex Tree Shelter
75cm x 73-105mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
90cm x 25mm, 90cm x 32mm
Tubex Combitube
75cm x 73-105mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
90cm x 25mm, 90cm x 32mm
Tubex Shelterguard Mesh Tube
90cm x 80-110mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
90cm x 25mm, 90cm x 32mm
Tubex Treeguard Mesh Tube
75cm x 80-110mm, 90cm x 80-110mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
90cm x 25mm, 90cm x 32mm
Tubex Shrub Shelter
75cm x 130-160mm, 75cm x 144-200mm
Square Sawn Tree Stake
90cm x 25mm, 90cm x 32mm
Pest & Minimum Protection Height Protection Type
Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required
Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.
Sorted by price; lowest to highest
Roe Deer/Muntjac
Roe Deer/Muntjac
1.20m
Tubex Tree Shelter*
1.20m x 73-105mm, 1.20m x 80-120mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.20m x 32mm, 1.35m x 32mm
Tubex Combitube*
1.20m x 73-105mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.20m x 32mm, 1.35m x 32mm
Tubex Shelterguard Mesh Tube*
1.20m x 80-110mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.20m x 32mm, 1.35m x 32mm
Tubex Treeguard Mesh Tube*
1.20m x 80-110mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.20m x 32mm, 1.35m x 32mm
Galvanised Mesh Tree Guard*
1.20m x 300mm
*Not recommended for this species
Machine Rounded Tree Stake
1.20m x 50mm, 1.50m x 50mm
Pest & Minimum Protection Height Protection Type
Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required
Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.
Sorted by price; lowest to highest
Fallow DeerFallow Deer
1.50m
Tubex Tree Shelter*
1.50m x 80-120mm, 1.80m x 80-120mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.50m x 32mm, 1.80m x 32mm
Tubex Combitube*
1.50m x 80-120mm, 1.80m x 80-120mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.50m x 32mm, 1.80m x 32mm
Tubex Shelterguard Mesh Tube*
1.50m x 80-110mm, 1.80m x 80-110mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.50m x 32mm, 1.80m x 32mm
Tubex Treeguard Mesh Tube*
1.50m x 80-110mm, 1.80m x 80-110mm
*Not recommended for this species
Square Sawn Tree Stake
1.50m x 32mm, 1.80m x 32mm
Galvanised Mesh Tree Guard*
1.80m x 300mm, 1.80m x 600mm
*Not recommended for this species
Machine Rounded Tree Stake
1.80m x 60mm

Spraying

Tubex tree shelters offer the benefit of not only protecting against animal damage, they also ensure that herbicides do not come into contact with the plants during spraying.

The main reason for spraying is weed control, however, there are other options available to suppress weeds. Our accessories section includes weed control matting, fertilisers & wildflower seed.

Strimming

Young plants should be protected from damage caused when strimming. To protect plants solely for strimming, our strimmer guards are the ideal product.

Planting

New hedgerows should be planted in two staggered rows 30cm apart.

We recommend a minimum of 5 plants per metre.

Follow this link to our 'Planting Advice' page for more detailed information on how to plant your plants.

We would often advise that you consider using 'Rootgrow' for your bare root plants. Rootgrow simply speeds up an existing natural process. The fungi contained in Rootgrow will begin to colonise the plant or tree roots, extending the root system into the surrounding soil via an extensive network of fungal filaments. 

The benefit of Rootgrowis that it enhances a plants root system so a newly planted plant:

  • Finds more food, finds more water.

  • Needs less fertiliser.

  • Establishes quicker and reduces failure rates (which can be improved even further when used in conjunction with Broadleaf P4)

  • Has increased tolerance to drought and difficult soil conditions

We also have a handy Welfare Guide that includes information on how to check your plants on arrival, how to plant them and also how to look after them. This is sent out with each delivery of bare root plants, but it can be downloaded from our advice pages.

Aftercare

Hawthorn hedges should be pruned in winter. Older hedges are often subject to the old practice of hedge-laying, where the stem of the plant is cut almost through near the base, then pulled down parallel with the ground to encourage new vertical growth which thickens the hedge up and fills in any gaps. This too should be done in winter.

Readily available advice

For additional information on planting and maintaining your plants, please see our advice pages.

We provide extensive articles, tips, and even tutorial videos, ideal for beginners and those with previous planting experience.

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Can I hard prune a very old high hawthorn hedge say down to 3 feet thankyou

Good morning,

Yes, once the hawthorn is dormant (mid November onwards) they can be hard pruned.

Many thanks,

The Trees and Hedging Team.

Will Hawthorn grow reasonably well in clay soils such as we have in Gloucestershire? Many thanks

Many thanks for your question; "Hawthorn will grow in any soil except an outright bog. It is very tough and hardy and copes well with strong winds on exposed hillsides and coastal sites" is our recommendation.

It is not possible for us to assess your site specifically so we would also recommend that you ask a local expert to give you advice if you are at all concerned.

We would suggest that you should be fine as long as the plants are well healed in when planted and kept well watered and weed free in their first couple of years after planting.

Hope that helps, regards the Trees and Hedging Team

I've just taken delivery of some bare rooted Hawthorn from you. How long can I leave it in its packaging before I have to plant it?

Thank you for your question.

The Hawthorn should be planted within around a week following delivery. Keep the bags tightly sealed to prevent the roots drying out, and keep such in a cool, dry place, out of the elements (contact with overnight frost could damage the roots).

Regards,
The Trees & Hedging team.

“Hi I'm hoping to make a start on developing some areas on my small holding over the next couple of years. I initially want to start planting an amount of hedging, then a wooded area and a seperate orchard. I'm a little concerned that several people have said to avoid certain species as they host carriers for apple tree diseases, like hawthorn and oak. Is this true or am I worrying too much?”

Thank you for your question.

The advice from our Technical Support is as follows:-

“If the points they are thinking of is the susceptibility of Apple trees to apple scab, powdery mildew and Fire blight, all of which can be present on both Crataegus and Malus subjects, then there is wisdom in not planting hawthorn around an apple orchard. The powdery mildew that affects oaks so badly is not the same mildew that affects apples.”  

Hope this helps, regards the Trees and Hedging Team

 

If I am buying the 80-100 size plant what size Spiral Guard do I need to order to go with it?

Thank you for your question.

For the 80-100cm larger plant we recommend you order the 60cm x 50cm Diameter spiral (and the canes to support the spirals)

Regards The Trees and Hedging Team

Is hawthorn evergreen?

Thank you for your question

No Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is deciduous, it does shed its leaves, however if you read  the information included within Characteristics it states that the berries.."which ripen to red by September .. are held on the tree well into winter to provide a good food source for birds".. so colour is not striped away from this plant completely in the earlier parts of the winter.

We hope this helps with your query

Many thanks, The Trees and Hedging Team

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